D. Sampietro , E. Abarca , H. von Schenck , J. Molinero 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
 Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden
Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...
R. Purkayastha , S. Schleuter , G. Minton , S. Walus , M. Wild ,
 Oxis Energy Ltd, E1 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom
OXIS Energy Ltd is a pioneer in the research and development of Lithium Sulfur batteries. Scaling up from R&D level coin cells to pouch cells for automotive use, engineering design and thermal management start to become critical. In this study, heat flow at various levels of the cell is investigated. We analyzed different heat flow scenarios of the cell, and found that standard pack arrangements ...
R. Verhelle, L. Van Lokeren, S. Loulidi, H. Boyd, G. Van Assche
Physical Chemistry & Polymer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands
COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the field joint application process on carbon steel pipelines for deep sea crude oil transportation, taking into account not only heat transfer, cure kinetics, and crystallization, but also thermal, cure and crystallization shrinkage and the resulting interfacial thermal stresses. Experimental data from the raw materials are implemented in the model ...
赵旭山 , 郝雷 , 蒋利军 , 米菁 , 杨海龄 ,
随着能源紧张、油价攀升，环境污染严重，利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点，近年来得到了迅猛发展，其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管，如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究，并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图1可知：集热管在电站中服役工况下，槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面，上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少；导热工质自吸收管一端进入，接收会聚太阳光辐照能量，从吸收管另一端流出，流入→流出过程中，导热工质被加热；集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热；吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热，不考虑对流；集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上，由于本身自重和热应力 ...
Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer
A.S. Chandan, A. Mossadegh Pour, R. Steinberger-Wilckens
Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...
Investigating the Performance of Mechanically Ventilated Double-Skin Facades with Solar Control Devices in the Main Cavity - new
C. G. Galante
Newtecnic Ltd, London, England, UK
The use of ventilated facades may reduce the cooling and heating energy demands of the building. Double-skin facades (DSFs) belong to the wider group of ventilated facades and currently represent one of the most interesting and studied facade systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour and performance of a DSF being designed for a real project in the Middle East ...
朱铧丞 , 张春 , 叶菁华 ,
微波作为信息和能量的载体具有同等重要的应用价值，利用微波对物质产生的物理化学效应进行能量传递及转换已经在化学领域有了积极的应用。从 1986 年 R.N. Gedye 等人首次使用微波促进化学反应使其反应速率提高 1240 倍以来，有越来越多的微波和化学领域的科学家对相关问题进行了研究，并出现了一门新兴学科“微波化学”。微波化学作为研究微波能的一个方面是研究微波与化学反应体系相互作用的一个新兴学科。由于当前人们对微波加快化学反应的研究还非常肤浅，微波在大规模应用中并未发挥出其应有的巨大优势，微波化学进一步发展面临着巨大的挑战和机遇。目前微波化学的研究可以分为宏观和微观两个层面：（1）在宏观层面人们并不关心微波对分子之间行为的影响，其研究要用多物理场数值计算方法获得反应体系中电磁场、温度等物理量的分布和变化；（2）微观层面的研究，重点关注微波对反应分子之间相互作用的影响 ...
Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications - new
D. Groulx, J. Skaalum, T. Jamieson
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
This paper presents a study on the heat generation of Valve-Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries used in off-grid streetlighting applications from PoleCo, a Halifax based company. One goal of the project was to produce validated COMSOL® models of the enclosure that holds these VRLA batteries. This model can then be used to investigate methods of reducing the temperature of the batteries based on ...
University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
N. Nama , P. Huang , F. Costanzo , T. J. Huang 
 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Introduction - The ability to achieve rapid and homogeneous mixing at microscales is one of the essential requirements for various lab-on-a-chip applications . The flow at microscales is characterized by low Reynolds number, resulting in laminar flow patterns. Thus, the mixing at microscales is dominated by slow diffusion process. Recently, an rapid and homogeneous mixing was demonstrated ...