Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications - new

D. Groulx[1], J. Skaalum[1], T. Jamieson[1]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

This paper presents a study on the heat generation of Valve-Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries used in off-grid streetlighting applications from PoleCo, a Halifax based company. One goal of the project was to produce validated COMSOL® models of the enclosure that holds these VRLA batteries. This model can then be used to investigate methods of reducing the temperature of the batteries based on ...

Heat Conduction in Porous Absorption Layers for Thermography Applications - new

L. Helmich[1], A. Huetten[1]
[1]Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Thermography measurements on metallic thin films are challenging due to reflections from the environment. We present a thin "gold black" absorption layer to deal with this issue. A multiphysics model is introduced to correct the experimentally obtained data for undesirable heat transfer effects between the metallic sample and the absoption layer.

Implementation of a Modified Anisotropic Creep Model for Clays with Use of the Physics Builder

M. Karlsson [1], J. Yannie [1],
[1] Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.

Numerical Modeling of Sampling Airborne Radioactive Particles Methods from the Stacks of Nuclear Facilities in Compliance with ISO 2889 - new

P. Geraldini[1]
[1]Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy

The main objective of this study is to verify the compliance of an ongoing nuclear facilities stack design with the ISO 2889 requirements, during normal and off-normal conditions. In particular, with the numerical simulations, they have been identify well-mixed sample locations along the chimney and the compliance with the International Standard requirements as result of stack flow rate and ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力,会产生一定形变。 ...

Thermal Design of Lithium Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], S. Schleuter [1], G. Minton [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, E1 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom

OXIS Energy Ltd is a pioneer in the research and development of Lithium Sulfur batteries. Scaling up from R&D level coin cells to pouch cells for automotive use, engineering design and thermal management start to become critical. In this study, heat flow at various levels of the cell is investigated. We analyzed different heat flow scenarios of the cell, and found that standard pack arrangements ...

Asymmetry Induced Terminal Voltage Improvement in Mg2Si-based Thermoelectric Unicouple

P. Priyadarshi [1], J. Bahl [1], B. Muralidharan [1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Thermoelectric power generation has been envisioned as a clean energy alternative to conventional thermal to electric power generation for decades due to its noiseless and low-cost operation. However, a typical thermoelectric generator suffers from low device efficiency, so it has been a constant endeavor for thermoelectric researchers’ community to consider alternate thermoelectric materials ...

Numerical Simulation of the Lithium-Ion Battery Cell Discharge Characteristics - new

Z. Umar[1], D. Ledwoch[1], L. Komsiyska[1], S. Vasić[[1]
[1]EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie e. V, Oldenburg, Germany

In general battery cells are charged/discharged using constant current or constant power expressed as C-Rates and P-Rates respectively. We are developing a single cell-level Li-Ion battery model in order to simulate the performance and the physicochemical phenomena under power discharging mode (P-Rate). The P-Rate is defined as the measure of the rate at which a battery charges/discharges ...

A Novel Physics Interface for Nakamura Crystallization Kinetics

A. Levy [1],
[1] Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes, Nantes, France

Crystallization phenomena are of first interest in several industrial applications (polymer forming processes, metallurgy, phase change flow, energy storage...). A classical way to model the crystallization evolution is using the Nakamura kinetics law. In this paper, a novel physics interface is developed using the Physics Builder of COMSOL Multiphysics® , which accounts for the resolution of ...

Application of Kelvin's Inversion Theorem to the Solution of Laplace's Equation Over a Domain That Includes the Unbounded Exterior of a Sphere

J. Russell[1]
[1]Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

In simulating physical systems modeled as solutions of partial differential equations over an unbounded domain, a challenge arises owing to the impossibility to cover an unbounded domain with a mesh. A classical problem in fluid dynamics, a solid sphere of radius a_s is submerged in a tank of water (at rest) of much larger size. The water is disturbed by the sphere’s sudden acceleration in the z ...