Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulating Wear in Disc Brakes - new

N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. J. Hancock[1], S. B. Brown[1]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA

Wear is a complex phenomenon relevant to many problems involving frictional contact, such as mechanical brakes, seals, metal forming, and orthopedic implants. The rate of wear depends on the properties of the contacting materials and operating conditions. One widely used model of wear is Archard’s law, which relates the rate of material removal due to wear to the contact pressure, sliding ...

Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer in Taylor Flow

F. L. Durán Martínez [1], A. M. Billet [1], C. Julcour-Lebigue [1], F. Larachi [2],
[1] Toulouse University, Toulouse, France
[2] Laval University, Quebec, Canada

In the present work, numerical simulations of a Monolith Reactor (MR) are carried out in order to develop a pre-design tool for industrial-scale reactors applied to highly exothermal reactions. The reacting circular channels (2-4 mm internal diameter) are coated with a few micron thick catalytic layer (washcoat), and host a gas-liquid segmented flow (the so-called Taylor flow) known to enhance ...

Influence of Thermal Conductivity and Plasma Pressure on Temperature Distribution and Acoustical Eigenfrequencies of High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

J. Schwieger[1], B. Baumann[1], M. Wolff[1], F. Manders[2], J. Suijker[2]
[1]Heinrich-Blasius-Institute of Physical Technologies, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Turnhout, Belgium

High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are energy-efficient light sources with excellent color qualities. A three-dimensional model of a low-wattage lamp, which includes plasma, electrodes, and burner walls, was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Most parameters appearing in the coupled differential equations of the model, such as viscosity, thermal and electrical conductivity are temperature ...

Modeling and Simulation of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor for Nitrogen Fixation Reaction

B.S. Patil[1], Q. Wang[2], V. Hessel[2], J. Lang[3]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[3]Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Industries AG, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany

Fixed nitrogen is used in many forms ranging from nitric acid to hydrogen cyanide and is used as such for industrial applications. The reactions to produce these products are highly endothermic and favored by high-temperature processing. The most basic route of chemically fixing nitrogen is the direct reaction of nitrogen and oxygen. However, the major challenge is to supply very high ...

3D Multiphysics Modeling of Bulk High-Temperature Superconductors for Use as Trapped Field Magnets - new

M. Ainslie[1], J. Zou[1], D. Hu[1], D. Cardwell[1]
[1]Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The authors are currently investigating the use of bulk high temperature superconductors as trapped field magnets (TFMs) in order to increase the electrical and magnetic loading of an axial gap, trapped flux-type superconducting electric machine. In electric machines, the use of superconducting materials can lead to increases in efficiency, as well as power density, which results in reductions ...

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation - new

D. Maciel[1], N. Bouchonneau[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...

Modeling Degradation in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], G. Minton [1], L. O'Neill [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2]
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图1可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力 ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling for an Optimized Design of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting MEMS Generator

I. Kuehne[1], A. van der Linden[2], J. Seidel[1], M. Schreiter[1], L. Fromme[2], and A. Frey[1]
[1]Siemens AG, Corporate Research & Technologies, Munich, Germany
[2]Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany

This paper reports the design of a piezoelectric energy harvesting micro generator for an energy autonomous tire pressure monitoring wireless sensor node. For our design we use a piezoelectric MEMS generator approach without additional mass. The intrinsic mass of the cantilever is in the microgram region and the resulting acceleration forces are very small. The generator has a triangular ...

Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...