I. Neitzel, U. Prüfert, and T. Slawig
Technische Universität Berlin / SPP 1253
Technische Universität Berlin / Matheon
Excellence Cluster The Future Ocean, Algorithmic Optimal Control - Oceanic CO2-Uptake/SPP 1253
An optimal control problem (OCP) is studied to a PDE of elliptic type as well as state constraints. The resulting optimality system contains two PDEs, one algebraic equation and the so called complementary slackness conditions, i.e. dual products between function spaces. At this point, different regularization techniques come into use. In this paper we introduce a Barrier method as one possible ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...
M. Bottarelli, M. Bortoloni
Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Architettura, Ferrara, Italia
Ground Heat Exchangers (GHXs) are rarely installed horizontally in linked ground source heat pumps used for space conditioning, because their energetic performance is lower than in the vertical solution. However, the horizontal one holds several advantages: it is easy to carry out and upkeep, it is more compliant with environmental regulations, and interferes marginally with groundwater systems. ...
S. Marai, E. Ferrari, R. Civelli
DiSAA, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
This paper presents heat transfer 3-D models of a passive refrigeration system used to improve the shelf life and the quality of the perishable fruits. Passive refrigerator system uses the changing phase to keep temperature close to the melting temperature. A multi-step study was performed: a 3-D heat transfer model on the empty box; a 3-D heat transfer model on the box containing a slab with ...
ACOUSTICS@MBD CONSULTANTS, LLC, Westborough, MA, USA
There is a practical interest among composite materials manufacturers to high-speed accurate non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technology for voids inspection when these voids are natural components of such complex structures like resin insulated layer of double-sided copper-clad laminates. Model based design (MBD) of NDE system is one of principal solutions for voids inspection in such ...
M. Fernandes, D. Matthiesen
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
The CWRU Turbine is a research turbine located in a urban campus in Cleveland, Ohio. This location may create turbulence, resulting in a possible loss in energy generation. This research attempts to answers the question of whether the wind flow is affected by the buildings or not. The surrounding buildings, which vary in height from 20 to 40 meters, may affect the wind patterns at the hub ...
J. Ratnieks, A. Jakovics, J. Klavins
Laboratory for Modeling Technological and Environmental Processes, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
A 2D numerical model for determination of sound reduction index is set up in this work. Results are in good agreement in middle and high frequency range when using solid structure approximation. Results are compared with experiment.
J. Yoo, H. Soh, J. Choi, S. Song
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Korea
Hyundai Motor Co., Korea
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Korea
Mando Co., Korea
Nanoscale structural analysis and design is presented. All the simulations are carried out using a finite element solver and optimization is performed using parameter and topology optimization schemes. It is concluded that COMSOL is effective for analysis and design of nanoscale structure design in electromagnetic field and it may be combined with several optimization methods to improve system ...
M. Hassan, I. Gonin, T. Khabiboulline, V. Yakovlev
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, USA
Normal conducting cavities are typically used in the front end of proton accelerators to get the beam accelerated to velocities approximately a few tenths of the speed of light, where superconducting cavities can then be used to accelerate the beam to the speed of light. The warm part of a typical proton accelerator would contain a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and several buncher cavities. ...