K. Shahim, J-M. Drezet, J-F. Molinari, S. Momjian, and R. Sinkus
LSMX, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
LSMS, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland
Waves and Acoustics Laboratory, ESPCI, Paris, France
A numerical finite element model of one human brain is built in COMSOL in order to study a particular form of hydrocephalus, the so called Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH). The geometry of the ventricles and the skull is obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and imported in COMSOL Multiphysics. Form the mechanical point of view, the brain parenchyma is modeled as a porous medium fully ...
C. Bayer, S. Stiefel, M. Follmann, and T. Melin
AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
Reactive extraction of organic acids from an aqueous solution to an alkaline stripping fluid is based on a selective barrier allowing permeation of non-polar molecules, which subsequently react with the stripping agent. The shift from the organic acid to its base induced by the chemical equilibrium enhances mass transfer inside the membrane’s porous substructure. A model of the porous ...
H.H. Chen-Mayer, and R. Tosh
Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...
Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour
G. Della Vecchia, R. Cosentini, S. Foti, and G. Musso
DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...
P. Goyal, V. Verma, R. K. Singh, and A. K. Ghosh
Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India
Spent fuel transportation casks are required to meet among others (test conditions), the regulatory thermal test conditions in order to demonstrate their ability to withstand specified accidental fire conditions during transport. This paper describes the transient thermal analysis performed with the above intention for a transportation cask. The analysis was carried out using COMSOL ...
J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and ...
American Bureau of Shipping, Tripoli, Libya
This paper illustrates how to set up and solve a two-dimensional flow problem having dimensions of 640 x 320 micro-meter using the Navier-Stokes equations with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics solver. The principle of our pore-scale modeling approach is composed of two steps. The first step involves the detailed identification and specification of the porous medium morphology, this step was ...
A Study of Distributed Feed-Back Fiber Laser Sensor for Aeronautical Applications Using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Lancranjan, C. Gavrila, S. Miclos, and D. Savastru
Advanced Study Centre - National Institute for Aerospace Research Elie Carafoli, Bucharest, Romania
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania
National Institute R&D of Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, Bucharest, Romania
Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser (DFB-FL) sensors are increasingly used in aeronautical applications. One of the newest such applications consists in detecting the “transition” zone between laminar and turbulent air flow upon the extrados surface of an aircraft wing. In this specific application DFB-FL are operated as air pressure sensors monitoring amplitude variations of ~1 Pa (laminar flow) ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
The concept of virtual prototyping can be found linked to many different keywords in the literature: modeling, look-ahead problem solving, etc. This poster paper briefly discusses the potential real benefits that can be realized through pre-build cost savings, minimization of the number of prototype builds, and post-build problem avoidance for physical prototypes and production products. ...
B. Boulbène, J. Morchain, and P. Schmitz
Université de Toulouse, NSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, Toulouse, France
We present numerical results involving microorganisms adhering to a plane surface submitted to a shear flow. The purpose is to have a better understanding of the removal mechanisms occurring during the cleaning in place of food processing equipments. The biological cell, i.e. the microorganism, is modelled as a rigid obstacle embedded in the bottom wall of the fluid domain. Shear induced ...