A. Fouquet , R. Orobtchouk , J. Hazart ,
 CEA-LETI, Grenoble, France
 Institut des Nanosciences de Lyon (INL), Villeurbanne, France
Nano patterning for chip manufacturing has reached its limitation with 193i lithography standard process. Directed Self Assembly (DSA) of Block Co-Polymers (BCP) is envisaged as an alternative complementary technique that can reduce critical dimension and pitch with high throughput and limited cost . For contact layers that require patterning of cylinders with diameter of tens nanometers, DSA ...
D. Fabris , B. Henriques , J. C. M. Souza , J. Guimarães , M. Fredel 
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brazil; and CMEMS-Uminho, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
Dental restorations can be made by different materials bonded together, which grant good mechanical resistance and aesthetic at the same time. In order to evaluate the behavior of dental restorations in the oral environment, a test, called thermocycler, is used, which simulates the temperature changes and the chemical environment of the mouth. The objective of this work is to evaluate thermal ...
所谓近场声学，是相对于远场声学而言。传统的声学理论，通常只研究远离光源或者远离物体的声场分布，一般统称为远场声学。远场声学在原理上存在着一个远场衍射极限，限制了利用远场光学原理进行显微和其它光学应用时的最小分辨尺寸和最小标记尺寸。而近场声学则研究距离光源或物体一个波长范围内的光场分布。在近场声学研究领域，远场衍射极限被打破，分辨率极限在原理上不再受到任何限制，可以无限地小，从而基于近场声学原理可以提高显微成像与其它光学应用时的光学分辨率。 声学超材料自问世之日起就受到了国内外科学家们的广泛追捧，在很多领域都可以看到其踪迹，以声子晶体为代表的声超材料具有很多天然材料所不具备的声学特性，为声学信号处理带来了很多创新的思路和途径。 声超材料的突出特点在于采用尺寸远小于入射波长的人工结构构建出等效参数，利用等效参数实现“小尺寸结构调控大尺寸波长”的目的。 ...
Q. Zheng ,
 Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Landfill is currently the most dominating method to dispose wastes, which are caused by the lives of residents and constructions of cities and towns. Because of large amounts of organic substances in landfills, they will undergo continuous microbial degradation, which generates a lot of landfill gas. The gas consists mainly of CH4, CO2, O2 and N2, and it is also a promising source of renewable ...
A Modified Koutecký-Levich Equation for the Analysis of Electrochemical Flow Cells with Complex Geometries
S. A. Tschupp , S. E. Temmel , N. Poyatos Salguero , J. Herranz , T.J. Schmidt ,
 Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
 ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Electrochemical flow cells have found widespread use in analytical chemistry due to their short response time, high sensitivity and selectivity. The geometrical flexibility and therefore, the ease of coupling the electrochemical to other experimental techniques has attracted considerable interest for applications in electrocatalytic research as well. Such coupling is far more cumbersome with the ...
Simulation of Pearl-Chain Formation of Microparticles by Acoustic Standing Waves, including Inter-Particle Forces and Collisions
T. Baasch , J. Dual ,
 ETH Zurich, Insitute for Mechanical Systems, Zurich, Switzerland
Acoustic standing waves can be used to manipulate micrometer sized particles, cells and organisms. In most applications these objects are driven towards pressure nodal lines, predominantly by the primary acoustic radiation force. Interestingly, at intermediate particle concentrations, detailed phenomena of line-formation and inter-line repulsion occur. Such phenomena are believed to be caused by ...
Y. Kaymak , F. Mintus ,
 VDEh-Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
This paper presents a multiphysics model to the convective, conductive and radiative heat transfer for the thermoelectric modules (TEMs), which are used to convert heat flux into electrical current. The model basically consists of heat transfer in solids, heat transfer in thin shells, surface-to-surface radiation and non-isothermal turbulent flow. The developed model has a good agreement with ...
I. Kuehne , S. Ciba , A. Frey ,
 Heilbronn University, Kuenzelsau, Germany
 University of Applied Sciences, Augsburg, Germany
The presented analysis investigates the capacitance characteristic of a Kelvin probe regarding the geometrical transition from a movable electrode plate to a narrow tip. Moreover, predictions can be done concerning optimum geometry, sensitivity and suitable electrical measurement circuitry. A further aim of this study is to provide optimal tip geometries for different sized Kelvin probes. This ...
E. Holzbecher , T. Manchester ,
 German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), Halban, Oman
 Univ. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
A model is presented for heat rejection in the subsurface. Geometries of different dimension are coupled by linear and general extrusions. In that way it is possible to deal with multi-scale physical set-up. An example shows the high influence of groundwater flow.
A. Eder , D. Hofinger , G. Ritzberger 
Fronius International GmbH, Research & Development, Wels-Thalheim, Austria
The paper on EMC Simulation Analysis of Enclosures demonstrates a simulation method to analyze the shielding effectiveness of enclosures. From the early development stage on it is possible to analyze the effect of electromagnetic waves on shielding panels. Different types of openings have been virtually measured in a test chamber. Therefore the full Maxwell equations have been solved in the ...