Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology

N. Srivastava[1], and C.D. Meinhart[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA

Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize ...

An All-Purpose Full-Vectorial Finite Element Model for Arbitrarily Shaped Crossed-Gratings

G. Demésy[1], F. Zolla[1], A. Nicolet[1], and M. Commandré[1]
[1]Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France

We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Including Expert Knowledge in Finite Element Models by Means of Fuzzy Based Parameter Estimation

O. Krol[1], N. Weiss[1], F. Sawo[1], and T. Bernard[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this paper we present a novel approach for modeling spatial distributed bio- chemical and environmental processes like the growth of plants and the related biochemical reactions. The physical phenomena like flow and mass transport can be described by fluid dynamics equations, but for effects like growth rates often no analytic models are available. However, in many cases experts have ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology

F. Rossi[1] and R. Pini[1]
[1]Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy

In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...

Inlay Fixed Partial Denture Framework 3-D Structural Integrity Validation Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

T.M.R. Alho[1]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland

Manual manufacturing of inlay fixed partial denture frameworks by metal casting can take hours of dental practitioners work time. This paper introduces 3-D simulations of premanufactured inlay fixed partial denture framework assembled from laser cut sheet metal parts. The study gives a good estimation of how well the frameworks can withstand strong human occlusion forces and masticatory cycle. ...

Numerical Simulations Demonstrate Safe Vitrification and Warming of Embryos Using the Rapid-i™ Device

B.O.J. Johansson[1][2], Y.A. Tarakanov[1], H.J. Lehmann[2], and S.P. Apell[1]

[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Vitrolife Sweden AB, Västra Frölunda, Sweden

During cryopreservation of human embryos, ice crystal formation in the embryos or in surrounding media may cause cryodamage to them and can be lethal. A strategy to avoid this is the vitrification procedure when the embryo and the surrounding medium undergo the transition to glassy state rather than a crystalline one during cooling. Similarly, recrystallization in the embryo or the medium must ...

Stress Field Simulation for Quantitative Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging

L. Yuan[1] and P.C. Pedersen[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA

Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...

Wall Effects in Convective Heat Transfer from a Sphere to Power Law Fluids in Tubes

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and Chhabra[2]

[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...

Parameter Identification in Partial Integro-Differential Equations for Physiologically Structured Populations

S. Moenickes, O. Richter, and K. Schmalstieg
Institut für Geoökologie, Abt. Umweltsystemanalyse, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany

Continuous dynamic models, e.g. COMSOL based simulations, play – besides statistical or iterative methods – a mayor role in theoretical ecology; in forecasting and management, but also in systems analysis. Ecological issues generally comprise highly interacting agents and/or unknown side effects. Here we show how combining direct simulation with COMSOL with simple optimization tools ...

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