Optimization Module Enables Hybrid Experimental-Numerical Algorithm for 3D Particle Image Velocimetry - new
M. Sigurdson, C. Meinhart, I. Mezic
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
In our study of chaotic mixing, 3D velocity measurements (u,v,w) are required for evaluation of a micro mixer using a mix-prediction algorithm. The hybrid approach presented here combines 2D measurements, an imperfect numerical model, and appropriate fitting parameters. Because our purpose is a measurement, rather than development of a physically accurate and predictive model, it not necessary ...
An Automatic Modeling Approach for Optimized Positioning of an Electrostimulative Implant in the Human Femoral Head - new
Y. Su, D. Kluess, W. Mittelmeier, M. Ellenrieder, U. van Rienen, R. Bader
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Introduction Electromagnetic stimulation is a common therapy to support bone healing in cases of avascular necrosis or pseudarthrosis. An electrostimulative screw implant (Asnis III s-series screw in Figure 1) is used to stimulate bone regeneration in the treatment of femoral head avascular necrosis. To enable positive outcome of the treatment, optimal positioning of the electric implant is ...
Modeling of Noise Produced by Offshore Wind Turbines with Different Foundations and Effects on the Marine Environment - new
B. Marmo , I. Roberts 
Xi Engineering Consultants, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Vibration produced by offshore wind turbines during their normal operation transmits through the tower into the foundation where it interacts with the surrounding water and is released as noise. The noise produced by offshore wind turbines can be detected by fish and marine mammals and may lead to alteration of their behavior. Given that noise is emitted at the interface between the foundation ...
R. Gerasch, J. Kulenkampff, J. Lippmann-Pipke
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Resource Ecology, Research Site Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Our GeoPET camera is explicitly dedicated for and well capable of 4D monitoring of solute transport in dense geological material, c = c(x,y,z,t) [1-4]. We apply COMSOL Multiphysics® for reproducing our experiments and extracting parameter sets for our 4D problems [5-6]. By aligning simulated results of anisotropic diffusion in clay to our observations we are able to clearly differentiate and ...
S. Titarenko, A. McCaig
School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...
Estimation of Critical Parameters of Drop-Drop Electrocoalescence Using a Multiple-Drop System - new
S. S. Kulkarni, V. A. Juvekar, A. Chheda
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Electrocoalescence is the phenomenon of coalescence of droplets suspended in an insulating liquid or in a gas under the action of an electric field. Electrocoalescence is considered a promising tool in many petrochemical industries for desalting crude oils. However, this technique suffers from some drawbacks such as short circuiting of electrodes, limitations on applied electric field and its ...
D. Barac , Z. Karimadini , R. Croce , D. Iber 
 Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering (D-BSSE), ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
One of the major challenges in biology concerns the integration of data across length and time scales into a consistent framework: how do macroscopic properties and functionalities arise from the molecular regulatory networks and how do they evolve? A deeper understanding of morphogenesis and organogenesis in particular is required to advance tissue engineering. Recent advancements in 3D ...
F. F. Dall'Agnol 
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brasil
Graduado e doutor em Física pela USP de São Carlos. Foi professor colaborador pelo Departamento de Matemática na Universidade Federal de São Carlos e pelo Departamento de Física pela Universidade Estadual do Centro Oeste em Guarapuava. Foi pesquisador no Centro de Tecnologia da Informação Renato Archer, em Campinas, onde desenvolveu expertise em simulações computacionais com o uso do COMSOL ...
S. Agarwal, S.P. Ruhela, V. Mente, M.G. Hemanath, B. Murlidhran, V.S. Kumar, C.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, B.K. Sharma, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Pyrochemical process based on molten salt electrorefining is ideally suited for reprocessing spent metallic fuels from Fast Breeder Reactors. In this work, a heat transfer analysis of the Electrorefiner cell was conducted to develop a basic tool for designing of the engineering–scale Electrorefiner. The focus of this work is to find out steady state temperature profiles of cover gas and molten ...
Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications
N. I. Kömle, G. Kargl, E. Kaufmann, J. Knollenberg, and W. Macher
Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany
Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the so ...