J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
M. Cavenago, and P. Veltri
INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Italy
RFX Consortium, Padova, Italy
The transport of intense ion beams with reduced beam divergence over reasonable drift distances requires a reliable space charge compensation (SCC). Negative ion beams (required in the Neutral Beam Injectors envisioned for the ITER tokamak) are here discussed. Secondary particles are generated by beam-gas collisions within the beam volume and their motion is followed by explicit leapfrog time ...
Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids
D. Song, R. Gupta, and R. Chhabra
Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...
D. Krizaj, I. Iskra, Z. Topcagic, and M. Remskar
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana, Slovenia
We are developing nanoparticle detector for airborn particles. The detection principle is based on condensation of nanoparticles forming micron sized water droplets and detection of the droplets by a capacitive type nanodetector. We have successfully performed some experimental evaluations of the detection principle and are in the stage of optimization of several parts of the system. As ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...
Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis
F.J. del Campo, A. Torrents, J. Mas, F.X. Muñoz
Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...
S. Cambon, I. Bogdanov
CHLOE, Bâtiment UFR Sciences et Techniques, Pau Cedex, France
Non-conventional hydrocarbon resources become more and more challenging object for energy producing companies throughout the world. Being already known and long-explored method, the electromagnetically (EM) assisted recovery constitutes a promising idea of technology for deposits of such a kind. COMSOL has been used recently for modeling the thermal multiphase flow through porous media in the ...
R. Sisto, L. Cerini, D. Mambro, A. Moleti, F. Sanjust
INAIL Research, Monteporzio Catone, Italy
Università di Roma, Tor Vergata, Italy
The otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are acoustic signals emitted by the inner ear as a consequence of the activity of a nonlinear feedback mechanism capable of amplifying the signal near to the hearing threshold level. The otoacoustic emissions can be used as an acoustic imaging of the cochlear functionality. They are used in clinics for screening purposes but due to the extreme variability ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
Modeling Electric Fields in Slit Capillary Array Fluidic Actuators with Complex Electrode Geometries
J. Frey, A. Droitcour, D. Laser
Wave 80 Biosciences, San Francisco, CA, USA
With their small size, low manufacturing cost, fast transient response, and capacity to generate fluid power directly from small electrical power sources, microdevices incorporating electroosmostic flow (EOF) have wide-ranging applications, including newly developed high-performance bioassay systems suitable for use in resource-limited settings. We report on a class of EOF-based devices called ...