Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

NASA's Life Support Developments

Jim Knox
Technical Manager
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
Huntsville, AL

This presentation deals with the investigation of new methods for the adsorption of carbon dioxide and water vapor from manned spacecraft atmospheres. The presentation touches not only the modeling of such methods, but also the important applications. Apart from modeling results on water adsorption and determination of heat transfer coefficients, an historical overview of spacecraft atmosphere ...

Modelling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits

F. Ferrero
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.2, Berlin, Germany

It is known that in big storages of bulk materials the danger of the self-ignition is relevant (long time storages). The Consequences of uncontrolled fires include considerable CO2 emission and economical and human losses to mention a few. The understanding of this phenomena is therefore of great importance.A numerical model can be of great help in understanding such complex phenomena. In this ...

Computation of Space-Time Patterns via ALE Methods

V. Thümmler1, and A. Weddemann2
1Department of Mathematics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
2Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Partial differential equations which exhibit solutions that are spatial temporal patterns are often found in biological and chemical systems, e.g. when describing pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems.Special classes of such patterns are relative equilibria and relative periodic orbits, which are solutions that in an appropriately co-moving frame of reference are stationary and ...

Robust Design of an LEM by Means of Interval Taylor Extension

B. De Vivo, P. Lamberti, and V. Tucci
Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy

In this paper, the Robust Design of a Linear Electric Motor (LEM) is performed. A Robust Design is a set of nominal parameters that satisfies the customer constraints with uncertain parameters. In particular, it is possible to obtain the Most Robust Stationary Design (MRSD) of a Performance Function (PF) by looking at the minimum range of the Interval Extension of its Taylor series. Furthermore, ...

The Effect of Air Movement on the Heat and Moisture Characteristics of Building Constructions

A. W. M. van Schijndel
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands

The paper presents the modeling and simulation of 2D heat and moisture transport with and without air movement for a building construction. The research focuses on the effect of air movement through building constructions. Although the typical air movement inside building constructions is quite small (velocity is of order ~10-5 m/s), this research shows it might have much more impact on the ...

Wave Energy Converter through Piezoelectric Polymers

A. S. Zurkinden1, F. Campanile1, and L. Martinelli2
1Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich, Switzerland
2Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

This note addresses the concept of wave energy conversion by means of a piezoelectric material. The ocean surface waves represent an important source of energy. A multiphysics simulation is used to focus on different aspects, namely the free surface wave, the fluid-structure interaction, the mechanical energy input to the piezoelectric material and the electric power output, using an equivalent ...

Compensating Spatial Variability of Quantity Index in 2D Electrical Impedance Tomography: COMSOL Multiphysics Study

S. Oh, and R. Sadleir
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

In Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), an array of surface electrodes is used to inject current and measure the resulting voltages to non-invasively obtain conductivity distributions of objects. The system can be easily implemented as a device that monitors hemorrhage, respiration, gastric emptying or brain activities.The Quantity Index (QI), an integral measure of reconstructed images, can be ...

Vibration Analysis - Gullfaks C Knock Out Drum

S. Sandström
SSM Engineering, Stenungsund, Sweden

An eigenvalue as well as a harmonic response analysis is performed on the Gullfaks C, Knock Out Drum (KOD) including some of the connecting pipe systems. The vibration behavior of two new choke valves and their specific connection to the KOD are of special interest. The main concern is the low frequency induced vibration as a consequence of the platform movements. A frequency band between 0-20 Hz ...

Nonlinear Ferrohydrodynamics of Magnetic Fluids

Markus Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...

Dynamic Study of Field and Current Distribution in Multifilamentary YBCO Thin Films

F. Grilli[1], A. Lucarelli[2], G. Lüpke[2], T. Haugan[3], and P. Barnes[3]

[1]Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA
[3]Air Force Research Laboratory

We have developed a model for computing current and field distributions in multifilamentary superconducting thin films subjected to the simultaneous effects of transport ac current and applied dc field perpendicular to the sample. The model is implemented in COMSOL’s PDE module (general form) and solves Maxwell equations using a highly non-linear resistivity to describe the superconductor ...

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