Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...
Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications
R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void ...
F. Loos, and H.-D. Ließ
Universität der Bundeswehr München
The purpose of this work is to investigate the triggering behaviour of safety fuses for mobile on board supply systems. The influence of different materials and shapes of the fuses on the triggering behaviour are analyzed. Furthermore, the simulation results obtained by the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® are compared to experimentally achieved data. For the transient simulation of the heat ...
Optimization of a High-Temperature High-Pressure Direct Wafer Bonding Process for III-V Semiconductors
R. Martin, J. Kozak, K. Anglin, and W. Goodhue
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Many optoelectronic devices utilize a heterojunction of a pair semiconducting materials including high-efficiency MEMS devices, solar cells, LEDs, and VCSELs. One fabrication technique which achieves such a device is direct wafer fusion. To optimize the process, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 was used to test various geometric configurations of the fixture. 2D and 3D models were created in order ...
T. D. Bui, F. Bremerkamp, and M. Nowottnick
Department of Automobile Engineering, Thanh Do University, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, Department “Reliability and Safety of Electronic Systems”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Modern electronic assemblies and printed circuit boards (PCB) with their sensitive structures and elements have to be protected against environmental influences by conformal coating or casting compounds. In this case the main challenge is the simultaneous curing of the polymers and the safekeeping of the electronic elements and structures on the PCB. This implies the investigation of the heating ...
A. Helfrich-Schkarbanenko, M. Mitschele, S. Ritterbusch, and V. Heuveline
Engineering Mathematics and Computing Lab (EMCL), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
Institute for Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
We consider a 3D boundary value problem arising in electrostatics. The potential is stimulated by current sources placed on a cross-section S of the domain. In many applications it is sufficient to know the potential in S. So, one is interested in an appropriate 2D model taking into account that the solution depends on the dimension of the domain. The idea is to find a corresponding 2D ...
B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...
Solution of Inverse Thermal Problem for Assessment of Thermal Parameters of Engineered H2 Storage Materials
I. Fedchenia, and B. van Hassel
United Technologies Research Center
East Hartford, CT
Materials based H2 storage systems for light duty vehicles need to meet challenging performance targets that have been developed by the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. On-board reversible metal hydrides are typically integrated with heat transfer surfaces, e.g. in fin and tube heat exchangers, in order to reject the heat of H2 absorption at a high rate which is set by the refueling time ...
A Theoretical Model for the Control of Color Degradation and Microbial Spoilage Occurring in Food Convective Drying
S. Curcio, M. Aversa
University of Calabria, Department of Engineering Modeling, Rende, Cosenza, Italy
The aim of this work was the development of a predictive model aimed at identifying a proper control strategy of food drying process. In particular, it was intended to determine the effect of operating conditions both on the color degradation, chosen as a reference quality parameter, and on the microbial spoilage occurring during potatoes drying. A transport model, accounting for the ...
C. Del Vecchio, G. Agapito, L. Carbonaro, F. Marignetti, E. De Santis, Y. Coia
National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Firenze, Italy
University of Cassino and Southern Latium, Cassino, Italy
VRALA is the ideal candidate as an Adaptive Optics actuator at visible wavelengths. Its electric characteristics variations, suitable current commands, and an effective magnetic circuit geometry provide a 2 kHz correction bandwidth and a 25 mm actuator density. The magnetic core allows unprecedented performances with a negligible thermal impact. Pre-shaping the coil currents greatly simplifies ...