H. Lee, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
In this paper we present a method to mitigate the effect of thermally-induced noise in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) through a force feedback circuit. Inherent noise-induced vibrations, which would be inconsiderable in macro scale, are considered as a limitation in micro- and nano- scale since it diminishes the high performance of MEMS devices. For instance, depending on the stiffness ...
Y. Song, and C. Wang
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature, implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study using COMSOL Multiphysics, we use an EBFC chip, having three dimensional, highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by C-MEMS micro-fabrication techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for ...
D. Pugal, K. Kim, and A. Aabloo
ME Department, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV
University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Modeling electromechanical actuation of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) material is considered in this work. Ionic current in the polymer is described with the Poisson-Nernst-Planck system of equations. Calculated ionic concentration is related to the deformation of the material. To include the effect of the electrodes, the ionic current and the electric current in the electrode domains is ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
D. Krizaj, I. Iskra, Z. Topcagic, and M. Remskar
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana, Slovenia
We are developing nanoparticle detector for airborn particles. The detection principle is based on condensation of nanoparticles forming micron sized water droplets and detection of the droplets by a capacitive type nanodetector. We have successfully performed some experimental evaluations of the detection principle and are in the stage of optimization of several parts of the system. As ...
Assessment of Spatial Variably Saturated Flow by Irrigation Moisture Sensors in 2-Dimensions using the COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1
A. Boluwade, and C. A. Madramootoo
Bioresources Engineering, McGill University
Ste. Anne De Bellevue, QC
This paper reports on the application of COMSOL Multiphysics’ Richard\'s Equation Interface in the assessment of irrigation moisture sensors for detecting the level of water saturation in a spatial variably saturated soil. The Richard\'s Equation (in COMSOL) provides the interface which automates the van Genuchten equation. A hypothetical soil column 4m by 4m was set up with seven irrigation ...
R. S. Wadhwa, T. Lien, and G. Monkman
NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are ...
Technology Development Center
TEL US Holdings, Inc.
Laser thermal treatment (LTT) systems have applications in IC fabrication for improving low-k dielectrics properties, polymer curing and resist processing. This contribution deals with a transient model of fast scanning and pulsing laser multi-beam system used in semiconductor processing. General Heat Transfer application mode formulation with multi-scale modelling approaches are employed. ...
E. Zinterl, and G. Jakopic
JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH,
MATERIALS-Institute for Surface Technologies and Photonics
Heating or cooling of stored fluids by thermal energy exchange with the enclosing walls may be enhanced by improving the efficiency of energy transfer; energy loss to the ambient is equalized for all simulations. Buoyancy driven internal natural convective flow is assumed to be the main energy transfer mechanism. In Newtonian fluids dynamic behaviour is described by the Navier-Stokes ...
B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...