Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
K. Govardhan , A. N. Grace , R. Sudha ,
 VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
 Government College of Engineering, Bargur, Tamil Nadu, India
Fluid flow in a cylindrical pipe needs to be characterized for various applications. The flow tends to form vortexes or becomes turbulent owing to many factors like inlet angle, inlet velocity, protrusions in the path of flow, etc. This work focuses on studying the characteristic behavior of flow inside a cylindrical pipe with non-laminar flow. It also aims at achieving laminar flow and studies ...
A.Weddemann, D. Kappe, and A. Hütten
Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only are these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...
Finite Element Convergence and Speed-Up Studies Using COMSOL Multiphysics and LiveLink™ for MATLAB® with Large Assembly Models
H. Pourzand, A.H. Aziz, A. Singh
Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics along with its LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to investigate the needed number of elements and the required order of Lagrangean p element for a number of different simulation models. For this task, convergence study, speed up testing and interactive meshing is performed on a large assembly model which is also imported using the LiveLink™ for SolidWorks®. As a test bench, the ...
H. Cremasco, K. Angilelli, D. Borsato
Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil
The transfer of sucrose and fructooligosaccharides to melon and water to solution was modeled based on generalized form of Fick’s second law for simultaneous diffusion and resolved by the finite element method using the software package COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The diffusion coefficients, the mass transfer coefficient and the Biot number were determined using the simplex optimization ...
R. S. Wadhwa, T. Lien, and G. Monkman
NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are ...
ACOUSTICS@MBD CONSULTANTS, LLC, Westborough, MA, USA
There is a practical interest among composite materials manufacturers to high-speed accurate non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technology for voids inspection when these voids are natural components of such complex structures like resin insulated layer of double-sided copper-clad laminates. Model based design (MBD) of NDE system is one of principal solutions for voids inspection in such ...
S. Anyyeva, and K. Kunisch
Institute of Mathematics and Scientific Computing
Karl Franzens University
We treat a gradient constrained minimization problem which has applications in mechanics and superconductivity. A particular case of this problem is the elastoplastic torsion problem. In order to solve the problem we developed an algorithm in an infinite dimensional space framework using the concept of the generalized Newton derivative. The Desktop environment of COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 was ...
H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...
J. E. Toney
Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA
We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.