Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

Study of Flow Characteristics and Flow Optimization Inside a Cylindrical Pipe

K. Govardhan [1], A. N. Grace [1], R. Sudha [2],
[1] VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Government College of Engineering, Bargur, Tamil Nadu, India

Fluid flow in a cylindrical pipe needs to be characterized for various applications. The flow tends to form vortexes or becomes turbulent owing to many factors like inlet angle, inlet velocity, protrusions in the path of flow, etc. This work focuses on studying the characteristic behavior of flow inside a cylindrical pipe with non-laminar flow. It also aims at achieving laminar flow and studies ...

Hybrid FEM-BEM Approach for Two- and Three-Dimensional Open Boundary Magnetostatic Problems

A.Weddemann[1], D. Kappe[2], and A. Hütten[2]
[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
[2]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only are these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...

Finite Element Convergence and Speed-Up Studies Using COMSOL Multiphysics and LiveLink™ for MATLAB® with Large Assembly Models

H. Pourzand[1], A.H. Aziz[1], A. Singh[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics along with its LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to investigate the needed number of elements and the required order of Lagrangean p element for a number of different simulation models. For this task, convergence study, speed up testing and interactive meshing is performed on a large assembly model which is also imported using the LiveLink™ for SolidWorks®. As a test bench, the ...

Multicomponent Diffusion Applied to Osmotic Dehydration - new

H. Cremasco[1], K. Angilelli[1], D. Borsato[1]
[1]Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil

The transfer of sucrose and fructooligosaccharides to melon and water to solution was modeled based on generalized form of Fick’s second law for simultaneous diffusion and resolved by the finite element method using the software package COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The diffusion coefficients, the mass transfer coefficient and the Biot number were determined using the simplex optimization ...

Electromagnet Shape Optimization using Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO)

R. S. Wadhwa[1], T. Lien[1], and G. Monkman[2]
[1]NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
[2]FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are ...

Nondestructive Testing of Composites Using Model Based Design

E. Nesvijski[1]
[1]ACOUSTICS@MBD CONSULTANTS, LLC, Westborough, MA, USA

There is a practical interest among composite materials manufacturers to high-speed accurate non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technology for voids inspection when these voids are natural components of such complex structures like resin insulated layer of double-sided copper-clad laminates. Model based design (MBD) of NDE system is one of principal solutions for voids inspection in such ...

Semismooth Newton Method for Gradient Constrained Minimization Problem

S. Anyyeva, and K. Kunisch
Institute of Mathematics and Scientific Computing
Karl Franzens University
Graz, Austria

We treat a gradient constrained minimization problem which has applications in mechanics and superconductivity. A particular case of this problem is the elastoplastic torsion problem. In order to solve the problem we developed an algorithm in an infinite dimensional space framework using the concept of the generalized Newton derivative. The Desktop environment of COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 was ...

Optimization of Micro-Structured Waveguides in Lithium Niobate (Z-Cut) - new

H. Karakuzu[1], M. Dubov[1], S. Boscolo[1]
[1] Aston University, Birmingham, UK

We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Signal Generation in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

J. E. Toney[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.