B. Lepers , G. Link , J. Jelonnek 
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
Introduction: The use of microwave energy for thermal cracking (from thermal stress and water pore pressure) of lignite-coal briquettes increases the lignite friability  and is beneficial for later chemical treatment inside a gasifier (for methanol production for example). An adequate use of microwave energy can improve the overall efficiency of the gasification process based on lignite ...
J. D. Freels, P. K. Jain, C. J. Hurt
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Our safety analysis group in the Research Reactors Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a project to investigate the production of Pu-238 isotope for missions of deep space travel in the High Flux Research Reactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used to support this activity in the past, and we have successfully installed and irradiated three different target designs. The gas-gap ...
K. J. Suthar, D. C. Mancini, M. K. Ghantasala
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...
The safety of large civil structures is often evaluated by means of numerical models based on the Finite Element Method. In this frame, the choice of a constitutive law able to represent the complex mechanical behaviour of concrete is a key point. This paper deals with a detail description of all the steps needed to implement the Microplane Model in COMSOL; the formulation is based on the ...
G. Cerretti, J.-C. Gomez-Lavocat, K. Vynck, D.S. Wiersma
European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
The Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Spain
Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), National Research Council (CNR), Florence, Italy
Liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs)  have attracted a great attention in recent years due to their high potential in a wide range of applications, from microfluidics components  to artificial muscles . The photo-mechanical response of LCEs is due to their constitutive photo-sensitive molecules, which change shape when absorbing part of the incident light. These microscopic deformations can ...
M. A. Shah , F. Iqbal , B. L. Lee ,
 Korea University of Technology and Education, Cheonan, Chungcheong, South Korea
A dual axis MEMS seismometer targeted for building monitoring system has been simulated for a full scale of ±5g acceleration. The design uses the capacitive effect for vibration sensing. This comb drive capacitive MEMS seismometer consists of 8 springs with two proof masses. The device is very low cross axis sensitive (almost negligible cross axis error). The cross axis sensitivity of x-axis is ...
A. Lewarkar , D. Bergsma , S. Madhar ,
 E&D Department, Lovink Enertech B.V., Terborg, Netherlands
 Electrical Engineering Department, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
Power cable manufacturing is limited by the maximum length of cable that can be produced and stored on cable drums. This creates a need or rather an opportunity for a cable accessory, namely 'Cable Joints'. Joints are an impeccable component in the power cable network that necessitate extreme care in their design and installation in order to facilitate a smooth connection between two cable ends ...
J. M. Meot , A. Briffaz , J. Jacquin , S. Rashidi 
 Cirad, UMR QualiSud, Montpellier, France
 Bureau national Interprofessionnel du Pruneau, Villeneuve, France
A 1D-axisymmetric model was built to represent the drying of a single d’Ente plum to d’Agen prune. Underlying assumptions of the model were those of Di Matteo et al. 2003. Sorption isotherms of plum come from Tsami et al, 1990 and equation structure of apparent water diffusion coefficients from Sabarez, 2001. External transfer coefficients were adjusted by direct measurements. The parameters of ...
J. M. Stauber , B. A. Marmo ,
 Xi Engineering Ltd, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Tonal noise from wind turbines can have effects on neighboring residences and its emission can result in strong regulatory penalties that can include the closure of wind farms. The authors present a model of a new broadband damping approach where containers filled with EniDamp™, an Advance Particle Damping (APD) material. The containers, so-called APD pods, are magnetically fixed to wind ...
J. Roche, P. Von Lockette, and S. Lofland
Mechanical Engineering Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
Physics and Astronomy Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
In this study, magneto-rheological elastomer (MRE) composite beams made of Barium hexaferrite (BaM) and Iron (Fe) powders combined with a highly-compliant matrix material were simulated using COMSOL\'s Solid Mechanics and AC/DC modules. The goal of the work was to develop models capable of predicting the actuation behavior of hard- and soft-magnetic MREs. This work simulates the bending of ...