Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Development of a 10 kW Microwave Applicator for Thermal Cracking of Lignite Briquettes

B. Lepers [1], G. Link [1], J. Jelonnek [1]
[1] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Introduction: The use of microwave energy for thermal cracking (from thermal stress and water pore pressure) of lignite-coal briquettes increases the lignite friability [1] and is beneficial for later chemical treatment inside a gasifier (for methanol production for example). An adequate use of microwave energy can improve the overall efficiency of the gasification process based on lignite ...

Investigation of Thermal Contact Gas Gap Conductance Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. D. Freels[1], P. K. Jain[1], C. J. Hurt[2]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Our safety analysis group in the Research Reactors Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a project to investigate the production of Pu-238 isotope for missions of deep space travel in the High Flux Research Reactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used to support this activity in the past, and we have successfully installed and irradiated three different target designs. The gas-gap ...

The Swelling Responsiveness of pH-Sensitive Hydrogels in 3D Arbitrary Shaped Geometry

K. J. Suthar[1], D. C. Mancini[2], M. K. Ghantasala[3]
[1]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[2]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA

The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...

The Microplane Model for Concrete in COMSOL

A. Frigerio
RSE S.p.A.
Milan, Italy

The safety of large civil structures is often evaluated by means of numerical models based on the Finite Element Method. In this frame, the choice of a constitutive law able to represent the complex mechanical behaviour of concrete is a key point. This paper deals with a detail description of all the steps needed to implement the Microplane Model in COMSOL; the formulation is based on the ...

Modeling of the Photo-Mechanical Response of Liquid-Crystal Elastomers

G. Cerretti[1], J.-C. Gomez-Lavocat[1][2], K. Vynck[1], D.S. Wiersma[1][3]
[1]European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
[2]The Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Spain
[3]Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), National Research Council (CNR), Florence, Italy

Liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs) [1] have attracted a great attention in recent years due to their high potential in a wide range of applications, from microfluidics components [2] to artificial muscles [3]. The photo-mechanical response of LCEs is due to their constitutive photo-sensitive molecules, which change shape when absorbing part of the incident light. These microscopic deformations can ...

Simulation of a Dual Axis MEMS Seismometer For Building Monitoring System

M. A. Shah [1], F. Iqbal [1], B. L. Lee [1],
[1] Korea University of Technology and Education, Cheonan, Chungcheong, South Korea

A dual axis MEMS seismometer targeted for building monitoring system has been simulated for a full scale of ±5g acceleration. The design uses the capacitive effect for vibration sensing. This comb drive capacitive MEMS seismometer consists of 8 springs with two proof masses. The device is very low cross axis sensitive (almost negligible cross axis error). The cross axis sensitivity of x-axis is ...

Design and Optimization of Power Cable Accessories Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Lewarkar [1], D. Bergsma [1], S. Madhar [2],
[1] E&D Department, Lovink Enertech B.V., Terborg, Netherlands
[2] Electrical Engineering Department, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

Power cable manufacturing is limited by the maximum length of cable that can be produced and stored on cable drums. This creates a need or rather an opportunity for a cable accessory, namely 'Cable Joints'. Joints are an impeccable component in the power cable network that necessitate extreme care in their design and installation in order to facilitate a smooth connection between two cable ends ...

1D Axisymmetric Modeling of Shrinkage for Non-Porous Materials

J. M. Meot [1], A. Briffaz [1], J. Jacquin [2], S. Rashidi [2]
[1] Cirad, UMR QualiSud, Montpellier, France
[2] Bureau national Interprofessionnel du Pruneau, Villeneuve, France

A 1D-axisymmetric model was built to represent the drying of a single d’Ente plum to d’Agen prune. Underlying assumptions of the model were those of Di Matteo et al. 2003. Sorption isotherms of plum come from Tsami et al, 1990 and equation structure of apparent water diffusion coefficients from Sabarez, 2001. External transfer coefficients were adjusted by direct measurements. The parameters of ...

Developing Solutions to Tonal Noise from Wind Turbines Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. M. Stauber [1], B. A. Marmo [1],
[1] Xi Engineering Ltd, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Tonal noise from wind turbines can have effects on neighboring residences and its emission can result in strong regulatory penalties that can include the closure of wind farms. The authors present a model of a new broadband damping approach where containers filled with EniDamp™, an Advance Particle Damping (APD) material. The containers, so-called APD pods, are magnetically fixed to wind ...

Study of Hard-and Soft- Magnetorheological Elastomers (MRE’s) Actuation Capabilities

J. Roche[1], P. Von Lockette[1], and S. Lofland[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
[2]Physics and Astronomy Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ

In this study, magneto-rheological elastomer (MRE) composite beams made of Barium hexaferrite (BaM) and Iron (Fe) powders combined with a highly-compliant matrix material were simulated using COMSOL\'s Solid Mechanics and AC/DC modules. The goal of the work was to develop models capable of predicting the actuation behavior of hard- and soft-magnetic MREs. This work simulates the bending of ...