王威 , 周超 ,
微纳米马达是一种能将周围环境的能量转化为自身自主运动的新型智能仿生材料，其在药物的运输与释放，低维材料的合成以及软物质研究中有着重要的应用。基于自电泳的双金属棒马达是研究时间最长的一类马达，它有着与自然界中类似的自组装和群体行为的特性。但是其运动机理复杂且涉及到多个物理场的紧密耦合，这就为其进一步的研究和应用带来了一定的困难。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 可以方便地进行多物理场的模拟。图(1)展示了双金属棒的自电泳机理， 由于棒两端的化学反应造成了带电离子浓度的分布不均匀，进而产生自生电场驱动马达运动。其中传质过程、流体流动以及电场形成相互影响，环环相扣。基于以上物理过程，我们对 COMSOL 中稀物质传递，静电和蠕动流接口进行了有效的耦合，从而实现了马达周围离子场，电场和流场的模拟(图2)，在此基础之上，我们研究了马达的运动速度(图3) ...
N. Lemcoff, R. Pastor, and E. Miravete
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT
General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT
The objective of this study is to numerically evaluate the effectiveness of an energy recovery ventilator (ERV) during the summer and winter seasons. The energy recovery ventilator allows heat and mass transfer between two air streams separated by a membrane. The effects of varying the following parameters were examined: flows through the supply and exhaust ducts, height of the exhaust channel, ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of a trench patterned silicon substrate results in diverse cavities by varying initial conditions. The size and the arrangement of the initial trenches are decisive for the transformation process besides the annealing conditions which are, in fact, time and temperature, and the existing pressure values. The prediction of the shape evolution depending on different ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Experimental data for oscillations occurring at the three phase contact line of an evaporating HFE 7000 meniscus on a silica substrate is presented. The frequency of the oscillations were found to depend on the local value of the evaporative heat ?ux. The thickness, slope, and curvature of the vapor-liquid interface were determined using an interferometry technique, which allowed us to calculate ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
A. Hassanzadegan , T. Tischner ,
 Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Hannover, Germany
This study presents the simulation of transport phenomena in the Horstberg geothermal system in the North German Basin. The Horstberg geothermal system composed of a subsurface reservoir and a borehole. The borehole was completed in a multilayer sandstone reservoir and an induced hydraulic fracture was created by massive water injection. During reservoir life time, the warm water will be ...
B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...
K. O. Lund , S. M. Lord ,
 Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
 SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA
A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...
J. Feng , M. Wettlaufer ,
 Centre of Materials Engineering, Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany
An integrated numeric, thermodynamic, and experimental analysis work was conducted to find out the proper flow and transport parameters of combined chemical species for low-temperature gaseous nitrocarburizing of stainless steels in an industrial furnace built for thermochemical treatments. Such parameters are responsible for a steady thermochemical atmosphere essential for the anti-passivation ...
B. Niu, W. Yan, A.A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...