COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, A. Santafé-Moros, J.L. Díez-Ruano, J. Bondia
Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto Universitario de Automática e Informática Industrial (AI2) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Microdialysis is a technique of continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. In microdialysis, a saline serum is perfused into a microdialysis probe. Glucose pass from the plasmatic fluid through the porous membrane. The glucose concentration in the dialysate obtained is measured by an external analytical device. This preliminary work aimed to obtain a model to relate glucose ...
G. Ruocco, M. V. De Bonis
Engineering College, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
Institute of Food Science and Production, National Research Council, Bari, Italy
Localized convection heat and mass transfer can be intensified and optimized by providing exposure to electromagnetic energy. Conjugate heat and mass transfer are configured by solving the momentum, heat and mass transfer simultaneously in both solid (substrate, comprising of a two-phase chemical species) and fluid (auxiliary air) phases. In this way the heat and mass fluxes vary seamlessly ...
G.M. Mule, A.A. Kulkarni
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Stirred tanks are widely used in the pharmaceuticals, chemical and paint industries for variety of operations. The fractal impeller is an impeller having a novel design, developed by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India. The power number of fractal impeller is relatively lower than the conventional impellers. The mixing performance is also relatively better than the conventional ...
Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres - new
L. Saeeednia, H. Mehraein, F. Abedin, K. Cluff, R. Asmatulu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...
T. J. Kazdal , M. J. Hampe ,
 Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...
P. Geraldini ,
 Sogin S. p. A., Rome, Italy
Understanding the air flow patterns and aerosol trajectories in ventilated rooms can provide key information for determining where to place early warning and monitoring instruments, and how to minimize hazardous materials in the worker’s breathing zone. The dispersion within rooms can be influenced by complex interactions between numerous variables, but especially ventilation design and room ...
A. A. Forbis-Stokes , M. A. Deshusses ,
 Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on number of baffles placed in horizontal- or vertical-alignment of an anaerobic baffled reactor (HABR and ABR, respectively). Computational fluid dynamics was used to evaluate hydraulic performance of each and determine what number of compartments should be used to optimize reactor volume while adding minimal complexity. The findings ...