Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Determination of the Load-dependent Thermal Conductivity of Porous Adsorbents

O. Kraft [1], J. Gaiser [1], M. Stripf [1],
[1] University of Applied Sciences, Karlsruhe, Baden-Würtemberg, Germany

Standard measuring techniques for thermal conductivity cannot be readily applied to determine the load-dependent thermal conductivity of porous adsorbents, because the local ad- and desorption inside the specimen and the thickness of the specimen are not considered. Hence, in this work a new measuring procedure combining the transient hot bridge (THB) with a three dimensional finite element ...

Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) Modeling of Historic Windows

H.L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University Of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Windows are the thermal weakest places in the external envelop of buildings. This is true for historic windows with original single pane glazing in historic buildings. To reduce the energy consumption and to improve thermal comfort of historic buildings, replacing these windows by modern double glazed windows affects the authentic character of these buildings too much. One way to improve the ...

Benchmark Model: Natural Convection of Water-Aluminum Oxide Nanofluids in a Square Cavity

M. Z. Saghir [1], A. Ahadi [1], A. A. Mohamad [2],
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...

Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. Sun [1], A. Tatomir [1], F. Maier [2], M. Sauter [1]
[1] University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
[2] Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams - new

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...

Cycling-Induced Degradation of Batteries

M. Vallance [1], A. Meshkov [1], R. White [2], M. Guo [2], S. Rayman [2], L. Cai [2]
[1] GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2] R.E. White & Associates, Columbia, SC, USA

Rechargeable batteries solve electrification and communication problems. As examples, hybrid battery-diesel generator power supplies efficiently power cell towers in remote locations, detached from the power grid. Large battery banks are used to load level user power requirements, reducing stress on power generation infrastructure. Batteries firm the output capacity of intermittent wind ...

Effect of Permeability Diminution in Nutrient Diffusion in Intervertebral Disc

M. A. Chetoui [1], O. Boiron [2], A. Dogui [3], V. Deplano [2],
[1] Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir; Ecole centrale Marseille, Marseille, France
[2] Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale, Marseille, France
[3] Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir, Marseille, France

Intervertebral discs (IVD) are fibro-cartilages situated between vertebrae providing their joint flexibility. They play a major role in the transmission and absorption of load through the spine. The disc can undergo progressive structural and quantitative changes in its composition and morphology related to mechanical load applied to the spine which can lead to disc degeneration; this disease is ...

Humidity Mass Transfer Analysis in Packed Powder Detergents

F. Zonfrilli[1], V. Guida[1], L. Scelsi[1]
[1]Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy

Powder detergents containing sodium percarbonate and bleach activators undergo chemical decomposition when exposed to high relative humidity. Controlling the moisture intake in finished product packs is therefore a fundamental need in order to guarantee product stability during the whole supply chain. In this paper we show how we have leveraged COMSOL Multiphysics capability in order to model ...