Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment - new

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Void Shape Evolution of Silicon: Level-Set Approach - new

C. Grau Turuelo[1], C. Breitkopf[1]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach - new

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Virtual Functional Product Development of a µ-Methane Steam Reformer

T. J. Kazdal [1], M. J. Hampe [1],
[1] Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...

Geometric Multigrid Solver and Experimental Validation in Laser Surface Remelting

M. M. Pariona [1], F. de Oliveira [1],
[1] State University of Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this work is to verify the effect of Multigrid method on the CPU time for the resolution of the heat transfer model, based on the Finite Element Method (FEM), in order to simulate the laser surface remelting (LSR) of the Al–1.5 wt.% Fe alloy. To accelerate the convergence of Single grid methods, Multigrid method (MG) was employed in order to reduce the CPU time. In ...

Interface Phenomena for a Multifunctional Air-Water Micro-Particle Collecting and Filtering System

E. Lacatus [1], A. Tudor [1], G. C. Alecu [1],
[1] Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania

The confinement clean rooms used in industry are susceptible to higher count of particles per cubic meter of air after the usual work program. To decrease the economic and technological effects of particle concentration a micro-cleaning device was elaborated. A first approach of a 3D model of the device was produced and different issues were found. Using COMSOL Multiphysics software to identify ...

Modeling of Biocalcification in Non-Saturated Conditions

B. Courcelles [1], C. Raymond-Poirier [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

In the context of increasing demographic pressures around the world, soil improvement techniques constitute viable alternatives to expensive foundations. Among these techniques, the biocalcification of granular soils appears as a promising alternative relying on the formation of calcium carbonates. The process is relatively basic and energy efficient, as based on the metabolic activity of the ...

HAMSTAD Benchmarks Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Revisited

J. v. Schijndel [1], S. Goesten [1], H. Schellen [1],
[1] Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Benchmarks are important tools to verify computational models. In the research area of building physics, the so-called HAMSTAD (Heat, Air and Moisture STAnDardization) project is a very well known benchmark for the testing of simulation tools. In this paper we revisit this benchmark by modeling all five subtasks using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Again we conclude that the COMSOL® software ...

Modeling of Radial Source Flow in Porous Media: Miscible Viscous Fingering Patterns

V. Sharma [1], S. Pramanik [2], M. Mishra [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India; Nordita, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to model radial source flow in two dimensional homogeneous porous media. Two-Phase Darcy's Law (tpdl) is used to model miscible viscous fingering. Fingering patterns obtained on using different mesh are discussed. Evolution from 'flowers' to 'branches' is observed in the fingering patterns. Stable displacement is generated even in the presence of unstable ...