# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

MEMS Modulex

### Pull-in of an RF MEMS Switch

This model analyzes an RF MEMS switch consisting of a thin micromechanical bridge suspended over a dielectric layer. A DC voltage greater than the pull-in voltage is applied across the switch, causing the bridge to collapse onto the dielectric layer with a resulting increase in the ... Read More

### Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the ... Read More

### Residual Stress in a Thin Film Resonator — 3D

Surface micromachined thin films are often subject to residual stress. This COMSOL Multiphysics example describes a thin film resonator with straight or folded cantilever beam springs. The resonance frequencies of the resonator are affected by thermal stress. Using folded springs ... Read More

### Adhesion and Decohesion of Indenting Ball

A steel ball is pressed down against a rubber membrane. When the contact pressure exceeds a certain value, the two parts start sticking together. When the ball is retracted, the membrane is pulled upwards in the bonded region. During the retraction, the bond is partially broken. This ... Read More

### Thermoelastic Damping in a MEMS Resonator

Thermoelastic damping, which arises when you subject a material to cyclic stress, is an important factor when designing MEMS resonators. The stress brings about deformation, where materials heat under compressive stress and cool under tensile stress. Thus, due to the resulting heat flux, ... Read More

### Radially Polarized Piezoelectric Transducer

This tutorial model shows how a user-defined coordinate system can be used to create any type of directional polarization of a piezoelectric material. Results are shown for the case of radial polarization of a piezoelectric disk. The piezoelectric material is PZT-5H. The example shows a ... Read More

### Piezoceramic Tube

This example involves a static 2D axisymmetric analysis of a piezoelectric actuator using the Piezoelectric Devices physics interface. It models a radially polarized piezoelectric tube, as described by S. Peelamedu and co-authors. An application area where radially polarized tubes are ... Read More

### Thermoelectric generator

In this model, we show how to model Seebeck effect which works as a thermoelectric generator. Seebeck effect is a phenomena where the difference in temperature of a material leads to a potential difference. The potential drawn in this model was compared with the paper by Jaegle (Example ... Read More

### Piezoelectric Valve

Piezoelectric valves are frequently employed in medical and laboratory applications due to their fast response times and quiet operation. Their energy efficient operation, also dissipates little heat, which is often important for these applications. This model shows how to model a ... Read More

### Prestressed Micromirror

One method of creating spring-like structures or inducing curvature in thin structures is to plate them to substrates that are under the influence of residual stresses. The plating process can control this stress even for similar materials. One such device is the electrostatically ... Read More

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