The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

Radially Polarized Piezoelectric Transducer

This tutorial model shows how a user-defined coordinate system can be used to create any type of directional polarization of a piezoelectric material. Results are shown for the case of radial polarization of a piezoelectric disk. The piezoelectric material is PZT-5H. The example shows a static analysis. Visualization of the cylindrical coordinate system as well as the stress/strain in that ...

Microresistor Beam

Microresistors allow for quick and accurate actuation or structural movement directly related to the electricity that is applied to them. Microresistors can be used in many applications where small perturbations or deflections are required to be applied to devices, almost instantaneously. The Microresistor Beam app illustrates the importance of fully coupled, multiphysics simulations. An ...

Thermoelastic Damping in a MEMS Resonator

Thermoelastic damping, which arises when you subject a material to cyclic stress, is an important factor when designing MEMS resonators. The stress brings about deformation, where materials heat under compressive stress and cool under tensile stress. Thus, due to the resulting heat flux, energy is lost to bring about this damping. The magnitude of the energy loss depends on the vibrational ...

Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

Piezoceramic Tube

This example involves a static 2D axisymmetric analysis of a piezoelectric actuator using the Piezoelectric Devices physics interface. It models a radially polarized piezoelectric tube, as described by S. Peelamedu and co-authors. An application area where radially polarized tubes are employed is in nozzles for fluid control in inkjet printers.

Adhesion and Decohesion of Indenting Ball

A steel ball is pressed down against a rubber membrane. When the contact pressure exceeds a certain value, the two parts start sticking together. When the ball is retracted, the membrane is pulled upwards in the bonded region. During the retraction, the bond is partially broken. This happens when the stresses exceed the limits specified in the decohesion law.

Piezoelectric Energy Harvester

This model shows how to analyze a simple, cantilever based, piezoelectric energy harvester. A sinusoidal acceleration is applied to the energy harvester and the output power is evaluated as a function of frequency, load impedance and acceleration magnitude.

Residual Stress in a Thin Film Resonator — 3D

Surface micromachined thin films are often subject to residual stress. This COMSOL Multiphysics example describes a thin film resonator with straight or folded cantilever beam springs. The resonance frequencies of the resonator are affected by thermal stress. Using folded springs relieves this effect. The example is made up of four models: two thin film resonators with folded cantilever beam ...

MEMS Pressure Sensor Drift Due to Hygroscopic Swelling

For their integration in microelectronic circuits, MEMS devices are bonded on printed circuit boards and connected with other devices. Then, the whole circuit is often covered with an epoxy mold compound (EMC) to protect the devices and their interconnects with the board. The epoxy polymers used for such applications are subject to moisture absorption and hygroscopic swelling, which can lead to ...

Simulation of RF Tissue Ablation

This example exemplifies how to model tissue ablation through applying RF radiation. A more detailed description of the phenomenon, and the modeling process, can be seen in the blog post "[Study Radiofrequency Tissue Ablation Using Simulation](/blogs/study-radiofrequency-tissue-ablation-using-simulation/)".