V. Nicolas[1,2], J.P. Ploteau, P. Salagnac, P. Glouannec, V. Jury, and L. Boillereaux
Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des MATériaux de Bretagne – Equipe Thermique et Energétique, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Lorient Cedex, France
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Phénomènes de Transfert et de l’Instantanéité : Agro-industrie et Bâtiment, Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle Cedex, France
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés, Environnement, Agroalimentaire, ENITIAA, France
In this paper, we present a first model carried out with COMSOL Multiphysics to model bread baking, considering heat and mass transfer coupled with the phenomenon of swelling. This model predicts the pressures, temperatures and water contents evolutions in the dough for different energy requests. First results obtained are analyzed according to various physical parameters in order to better ...
Y. Pennec, Y. El Hassouani, C. Li, B.D. Rouhani, E.H. El Boudouti, H. Larabi, and A. Akjouj
Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, Université de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Phononic crystals are a class of materials that exhibit periodic variations in their density and elastic properties. Such crystals modify the propagation of acoustic waves and prohibit the propagation of sound for frequencies within the band gap. We discuss the simultaneous existence of phononic and photonic band gaps in a periodic array of silicon pillars deposited on a homogeneous SiO2 ...
Finite Element Modeling of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer of a Single Maize Kernel Based on Water Potential Using COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation
A.J. Kovács, E. Lakatos, G. Milics, and M. Neményi
University of West Hungary, Institute of Biosystems Engineering, Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary
Finite element modeling of agricultural materials is very often used for describing physical processes. However, exact physical measurements are needed as input parameters for the models. Knowing the driving forces (potentials) during heat and mass transfers is necessary for an accurate model. Water potential gradients as the driving force are used in contrast with the conventional practice ...
M. Kavasoglu, R. Haettel, and C.H. Ploetner
ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
ABB Transformers, Varennes, Canada
Transformers, as any other industrial products, have to comply with various requirements on noise levels. Three main sources of noise can be identified in transformers: no-load noise or core noise generated by magnetostriction in the core steel laminations, load noise produced by electromagnetic forces in the windings and noise due to auxiliary equipment such as fans and pumps used in the ...
T. Bödrich, H. Neubert, and R. Disselnkötter
Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
ABB AG, Forschungszentrum Deutschland, Ladenburg, Germany
The operation of transformers is characterised by strong dynamic interactions between the magnetic system and the electric circuits that are connected to the primary and econdary windings. Transient finite element modelling (FEM) of the transformer with coupling to SPICE circuit models containing the electrical sources and loads is a powerful means for analysis and design. This paper describes ...
Modelling the Effects of Temperature and Moisture Ingress on Capacitance and Dissipation Factor Measurements within Oil Impregnated Paper Transformer Bushings
D. Smith, S.G. McMeekin, B.G. Stewart, and P.A. Wallace
Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
The majority of power transformer high voltage bushings today are of the condenser oil impregnated paper (OIP) type. The ingress of moisture, through the deterioration of the bushing over time, can result in a significant reduction in life and is a major failure mode of these bushings. Currently, the measurement of capacitance and dissipation factor is the most common method used to assess the ...
I. Bogdanov, S. Jardel, A. Turki, and A. Kamp
Open & Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil, University of Pau, Pau, France
Pore-scale modeling of multiphase flow through porous media is addressed most frequently to improve our understanding of flow and transport phenomena in such settings. It can be used to obtain macro-scale constitutive equations, to assign multiphase flow properties in large scale models, to predict how these properties may vary with rock type, wettability, etc. The description of a physical ...
P-O. Johansson, and J. Wollerstrand
Lund University, Lund, Sweden
In a hydronic space heating system the heat output arises from natural convection and radiation from the radiators. In order to increase the heat output, without replacing the radiators with larger ones, or increasing the temperature level, the radiator can be equipped with add-onfan blowers. In the latter case, the heat output from the radiator will increase due to increased convection. This ...
Finite Element Analysis Of Permeation Tests On Articular Cartilage Under Different Testing Conditions Using COMSOL Multiphysics
G. Spatafora, and F. Boschetti
Structural Engineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy
Articular cartilage is composed by a charged solid matrix (proteoglycan and collagen fibres) and an interstitial fluid phase. The permeability of articular cartilage is a function of compression load applied on the tissue, the solid matrix underwent a compaction that decreased its value for increasing deformation. The study of the permeability is very useful to understand the onset and ...
S. Gerbino, and P. Franciosa
University of Molise, School of Engineering, Via Duca degli Abruzzi, Termoli, Italy
Understanding the stress-strain behavior of human foot tissues and pressure map distributions at the plantar interface is of interest into biomechanical investigations. In particular, monitoring plantar pressure maps is crucial to establishing the perceived human comfort of shoe insoles. A 3D anatomical detailed FE human foot model was created, starting from CT (Computer Tomography) scans of a ...