Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Permeability in Fragmented Materials and its Application to Underground Mining

S. Palma [1], R. Castro [1], A. Hekmat [1],
[1] Mining Engineering Department, Block Caving Laboratory, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile

The block caving mine is considered by the mining industry as one of the natural replacements of the current open cut mines in the near future. The block caving technique is based on the extraction of small broken rocks, created by blasted initially large solid rocks, and the fracture of compact material located in the upper layers because the stress propagation generated by the extraction ...

The Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project ‘CFDDP’: Understanding the Magma-water Interplay at Large Calderas

G. De Natale[1], G. Perillo[2], C. Troise[1], and P. Gasparini[3]
[1]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
[2]Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[3]AMRA scarl, Naples, Italy

Campi Flegrei caldera is a good example of the most explosive volcanism on the Earth, a potential source of global catastrophes. It has the advantage that the most interesting structural details and main volcanic features appear located at shallower depth, making it a natural candidate for a deep drilling project aimed to understand the volcanic structure. The CFDDP project, aims to ...

Matching 4D Porous Media Fluid Flow GeoPET Data With COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation Results

J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
Leipzig, Germany

We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...

The Soil as Bioreactor: Reaction-diffusion Processes and Biofilms

M. Richter[1], S. Moenickes[2], O. Richter[2], T. Schröder[1]
[1]BASF SE, Agricultural Center, Limburgerhof, Germany
[2]Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

In a soil pore, water flows through the biofilm, where the density of the latter was assumed to represent a flow resistance. This mechanism was implemented as a local change of fluid viscosity proportional to local biofilm density. It was assumed that diffusive substrate transport is possible through the biofilm region such that the biofilm was able to degrade the substance. Maximum flow ...

Non Linear Mechanical and Poromechanical Analyses: Comparison with Analytical Solutions

M. Souley, and A. Thoraval
INERIS
Ecole des Mines
Parc de Saurupt, France

The long-term behaviour of the underground excavations is a social and economic challenge particularly in the contexts of post-mining or radioactive waste storage. Numerical modelings are currently used to understand and forecast the complex behaviour of rock mass around the underground cavities. In order to accurately perform these multiphysics modelings at high space and time scales, it is ...

Building a Complex Geological Model Using Parametric Surfaces

S. Hoyer[1], M. Bottig[1], F. Zekiri[1], G. Götzl[1], A.K. Brüstle[1], G. Schubert[1], A. Nador[2]
[1]Geological survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria
[2]Geological Institute of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary

Temperature measurements of the subsurface are available due to hydrocarbon exploration in the project area, where the average drilling depth is about 2-4 km and the deepest well reaches about 8.5 km. Since the data is heavily uneven distributed, standard interpolation techniques did not deliver satisfying results. This is why numerical modeling was applied to assess the thermal regime of the ...

Why We Have Earthquakes in the Eastern United States

J. K. Costain[1]
[1]Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA

There are only two types of naturally-occurring earthquakes anywhere on the Earth: 1) those associated with the dynamics of plate tectonics and 2) those associated with the dynamics of the hydrologic cycle. The first type is characteristic of an INTERplate setting (like the San Andreas Fault). The second (“hydroseismicity”) is characteristic of an INTRAplate setting (like the Virginia magnitude ...

A Coupled Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Soils

E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON
Canada

This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...

Modelling of Seismoelectric Effects

B. Kröger[1], U. Yaramanci[2], and A. Kemna[1]
[1]1 University of Bonn
[2]GGA Hannover

We present the results of full-waveform time-dependent finite-element modelling of coupled seismoelectromagnetic wave propagation in fluid-saturated porous media. To describe the seismoelectric response of the system a new set of equations is developed which couple the poroelasticity theory and Maxwell’s equations via flux/force transport equations in a thermodynamical sense. The coupling ...

Ability of Single-Well Injection-Withdrawal Experiments to Estimate Ground Water Velocity

F. Maier[1], K. Hebig[2], Y. Jin[1], and E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany

The authors present a closer look on the Single-Well Injection-Withdrawal Experiment (SWIW) or Push-Pull Experiments and its ability to determine the groundwater velocity, as one of the major parameters concerning reservoir management and underground reservoir characterization. The flow field is modeled using analytic and numerical solutions. Different modes like Darcy-law, solute-transport and ...