O. Punkkinen, A. Jorma, K. Kari, and M. Olin
B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
VTT, Espoo, Finland
In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...
Q. Zheng ,
 Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Landfill is currently the most dominating method to dispose wastes, which are caused by the lives of residents and constructions of cities and towns. Because of large amounts of organic substances in landfills, they will undergo continuous microbial degradation, which generates a lot of landfill gas. The gas consists mainly of CH4, CO2, O2 and N2, and it is also a promising source of renewable ...
Y. P. Maystrenko ,
 Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Trondheim, Norway
To reveal key features of the thermal pattern at different structural levels of the Norwegian continental shelf and the adjacent mainland, the lithosphere-scale 3D structural models have been used to represent a structure of the sedimentary cover, underlying crystalline crust, and lithospheric mantle during a 3D thermal modeling. For the construction of these 3D models, all available geological ...
H. Ishimori, and K. Endo
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which ...
S. Jordana, A. Nardi
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...
J. Molinero, A. Nardi, P. Trinchero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...
J. Rojo, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
A lot of techniques are developed to treat soils polluted by hydrocarbons pollutants: incineration, thermal treatment, extraction, chemical oxidation, bioremediation… Some of these techniques are very energy consuming (incineration, thermal treatment…) and often need a subsequent treatment of the generated gases or liquids. Of all the decontamination methods, bioremediation appears to be the ...
Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)
M. Coccia, E. Carminati, F. Rolandone, M. Battaglia, D. Zuliani, and P. Fabris
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy
We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...
M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy
Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths. In this work we ...
P. Rálek, M. Hokr
Technical University in Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic
Presented work is motivated by pre-realization phase of rock heating experiment in underground, testing properties for cyclic energy storage. Heating unit, installed in large borehole from end of a tunnel, is fixed to the rock face with the geo-polymer. Rest of the borehole is filled with isolation material. We used the Heat Transfer Module and the Structural Mechanics Module in COMSOL for ...