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The Science Behind Stained Glass

February 6, 2015

While the designs have become more elaborate, the manufacturing of stained glass windows has remained relatively the same throughout its history. We go beyond the beauty of the art form and dive into the science behind its production.

Why Car Batteries Perform Poorly in Cold Weather

February 5, 2015

Starting the car on a cold winter morning can be unpleasant if you have not been proactive the night before. When you are unable to start an engine, it is often the battery’s fault. Why is a battery more sensitive than other processes in a car? The answer lies in the battery’s ability to convert chemical energy into electrical energy, with a minimum of heat generation, and the relatively small amounts of thermal energy available at low temperatures.

Enhancing the Design of Biconical Antennas with Simulation

February 4, 2015

When undergoing testing for electromagnetic compatibility compliance, many products rely on biconical antennas. In order to help with this testing, it is important that these antennas possess broadband characteristics. We explore how simulation can help you ensure this.

Modeling Approaches in Heterogeneous Catalysis

February 3, 2015

Modeling of heterogeneous catalysis traditionally attracts great interest from the chemical engineering community, due to the many industrial processes that utilize this type of catalysis. Here, we discuss the procedure of starting with detailed micro-geometries and then proceeding with approximations through homogenization. By following this procedure, from the microscopic particle level to the macroscopic reactor level, we can design the catalyst in detail and study the influence of this design on the total reactor performance.

Application-Specific: Polar, Far-Field, and Particle Tracing Plots

February 2, 2015

In recent postprocessing blog posts, we’ve demonstrated different plot types that are typically used for common fluid, mechanical, chemical, and electrical applications. In the next several parts of this series, we’ll introduce a few more unusual plot types that are specific to unique applications and discuss some other tools that you can use to change the feel of your visualization. Here, we highlight polar, far-field, and particle tracing plots.

Predicting Cavitation in Journal Bearings

January 30, 2015

Journal bearings are lubricated components that support a rotating shaft. Cavitation affects the performance of these bearings and must be considered during the design stage. Here, I’ll explain what journal bearings are and why predicting cavitation is important, as well as share an industry example with you.

How to Compute the Acoustic Radiation Force

January 29, 2015

Acoustic radiation force is an important nonlinear acoustic phenomenon that manifests itself as a nonzero force exerted by acoustic fields on particles. Acoustic radiation is an acoustophoretic phenomenon, that is, the movement of objects by sound. One interesting example of this force in action is the acoustic particle levitation discussed in this previous blog post. Today, we shall examine the nature of this force and show how it can be computed using COMSOL Multiphysics.

Using Perfectly Matched Layers and Scattering Boundary Conditions for Wave Electromagnetics Problems

January 28, 2015

When solving wave electromagnetics problems, it is likely that you will want to model a domain with open boundaries — that is, a boundary of the computational domain through which an electromagnetic wave will pass without any reflection. COMSOL Multiphysics offers several solutions for this. Today, we will look at using scattering boundary conditions and perfectly matched layers for truncating domains and discuss their relative merits.