Modeling a Coil Heat Exchanger
Coil heat exchangers are simple and easy to manufacture. Here, we consider an axially wound coil of copper carrying hot water that heats air inside of a circular duct. Since the geometry is almost invariant about the centerline, the model is solved in the 2D axisymmetric plane. Additional expressions are added to compute the temperature drop between turns of the coil, which greatly simplifies the modeling.
Reducing Vibrations with Viscoelastic Structural Dampers
In the design of many structures, a particular area of concern is exposure to seismic and wind-induced vibrations. Viscoelastic structural dampers have been implemented into structural layouts as a means to limit the strain and decrease the risk of failure in building components due to such excitations.
The Hygroscopic Swelling Effect
There have been many studies of how specific materials are affected by hygroscopic swelling. Let’s explore what hygroscopic swelling is and the effect it may have on engineering designs.
How to Obtain Oil Cost-Effectively with Multilateral Wells
Safe and cost-effective drilling is a major issue in the oil and gas industry. In addition to the common prospecting risk, the borehole itself provides uncertainties that are not desired, but unavoidable. Today, we would like to show how numerical simulations can help here. The goal is to predict the stability of an open-hole multilateral well for deciding if the well will need expensive mechanical stabilization — or not.
What Is a Packed Bed Reactor?
The chemical industry is considerably important to economies around the world, playing a critical role in processes ranging from the production of clean drinking water to the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. Chemical engineers are faced with the challenge of ensuring profitability in a rapidly growing and evolving market. Packed bed reactors are one of the most common reactors used in the chemical industry due to their high conversion rate per catalyst weight compared to other catalytic reactors.
Modeling Electrochemistry for Managing Diabetes
Diabetes is an incurable global killer: the World Health Organization estimates 350 million diabetics worldwide, with an average annual fatality rate close to 1%. Fortunately, modern medical science enables diabetics to manage their glucose levels and intake, so many countries have seen greatly reduced danger of the disease. Many diabetics must track their glucose levels throughout the day, requiring an accurate method for measuring the concentration of glucose in blood. For modern sensor designs, the method of choice is electrochemistry.
Treating Damaged Biological Tissue with Cryotherapy
With advancements in modern technologies, treating damaged biological tissue has become a quicker, less painful process. Techniques, like cryotherapy, can be used to treat internal and external tissue damage, while causing relatively little discomfort for patients.
Phase Change: Cooling and Solidification of Metal
Modeling phase change is important for many thermal processes, ranging from the food industry to the metal processing industry. The Heat Transfer Module offers a dedicated interface for modeling the characteristics of phase change. It uses the apparent heat capacity method, which we introduce here.
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